The Executive Director, National Primary Health Care Development Agency,Dr Faisal Shuaib said the agency will commence preventive campaign for yellow fever from the 25th of January to 3rd of February in three states of the federation namely;Kogi,Kwara and Borno states .
He made this known to newsmen on Tuesday in Abuja,
Yellow fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected Aedes mosquitoes. Symptoms include fever, headache, jaundice, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. Some infected people may not experience any of these symptoms. In severe cases, bleeding may occur from the mouth, nose, eyes or stomach.
Last year a case of Yellow Fever was reported in a young girl in Oke Owa Community, Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State.
According to Dr Faisal Shuaib the goal of the yellow fever preventive mass vaccination campaign is to reduce yellow fever transmission by achieving 90 %coverage in implementing states and local government areas ,in line with the strategy for the elimination of yellow epidemics by 2026.
He noted that ,the agency will use the vaccination campaign to strengthen the health system and immunization programme in the country .
“We will strengthen the pharmaco-vigilance system for monitoring adverse events following immunization ”
“We will as well implement a high quality vaccination campaign which takes lessons from previous campaigns into consideration”
“It is particularly important to note that the last time Nigeria had outbreak of Yellow fever it took the country almost 10 years to control the scourge,” he said.
“The previous mass campaign is base on the 2008 risk assessment which identified 20 states and FCT as high risk states .
“Similarly ,the phase one of the yellow fever vaccination campaign was completed in 2014,and it targeted 3 states (Akwa Ibom,Cross River,Nassarawa)in which 10.4 million people were covered” .
The WHO immunization coverage officer ,Dr Fiona Braka said Global Strategic Plan 2017-2026 for the Elimination of Yellow Fever Epidemic has prioritised high risk countries to support strategies for the elimination of yellow fever by 2026.
Dr Braka who urged all Nigerians to come out to partake of the vaccination exercise observed that the best form of preventing yellow fever was through vaccination exercise .
“I encouraged Nigerians from 9 months to 45 years to come out and partake of the vaccination exercise .
“Due to the global non availability of yellow fever vaccines,it resulted in the plan to phase the campaign for the next nine years till 2026.
We will ensure that all the states of the federation takes part of this exercise”she added.
The Director, Disease Control and Immunisation at NPHCDA, Dr Dorathy Nwodu, said the agency is targeting 9,000 people during the exercise.
“Yellow fever vaccine is free, effective and potent; we are giving the vaccines to the states free of charge,” she added.