World Malaria Day (WMD) is a day set aside to recognize global efforts made towards control of malaria.
World Malaria Day was established in May 2007 by the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, WHOs decision-making body. It became an international observance commemorated on the 25th of April every year. The theme for this year is “A Push for Prevention.”
The day was established to provide education and understanding of malaria and spread information on year-long intensified implementation of national malaria-control strategies, including community-based activities for malaria prevention and treatment in endemic areas.
Globally, 3.3 billion people in 106 countries are at risk of malaria. In Nigeria, research says 100,000,000 malaria cases are reported annually while 300,000 deaths are recorded. So, in commemoration of the world malaria day who which was celebrated on Tuesday 25 April,2017 we shine light on 9 different ways to avoid falling victim to this deadly disease.
- Determine your level of malaria risks, Get an antimalarial (if necessary)
Be informed about malaria and the risk of getting the disease, some people have a higher risk of getting malaria than others. Things you should consider are: The time of year you are in, the activities you do daily and where you stay. The risk for an infection can vary considerably, even within a single country. Successful malaria prophylaxis depends on your knowledge make sure you are in the know before you go.
- Live in well-kept areas
Avoid sleeping outside or in the vicinity of areas where mosquitoes like to live, e.g. stagnant water (gutters, waste dumps). If you are sleeping in a tent, make sure that there are no holes anywhere and keep the door closed at all times. These may be very basic rules, but they can significantly increase the success of your malaria prevention effort.
- Always use a treated mosquito net
When you purchase a mosquito net check that the net is not damaged and always ensure it is properly tucked underneath your mattress. your room itself should have additional nets attached to the windows and doors. Keep the air conditioning on, as mosquitoes tend to stay out of cool, air-conditioned rooms
- Go for long sleeves
Wear long sleeve shirts and trousers in the evening and at night. The less skin that is exposed, the better. Sleepwear such as pajamas are a great option. Additionally, you can buy more trousers, leggings etc. Make sure treat your clothes with permethrin in order to increase your protection.
- Insect repellent spray every night
Insect repellent creams or sprays, as well as lotions should be applied to any remaining exposed parts of the skin, especially in the evening and during the night. It is advisable to apply the repellent during the daytime as well. You never know, a particular mosquito might decide to bite you in broad daylight.
- Drink a lot of water
There is nothing better than having water to regulate the body functions and to flush out the parasitic infections from the body. Have about 8-10 glasses of water for ensuring that there is no toxin in the body that is causing the malaria. It also improves blood circulation and help in keeping all other infections away. This should be done not only to prevent malaria and a lot of other problems.
- Follow your prescription carefully
If diagnosed with any malaria symptom , do not forget to take the anti-malarial drugs prescribed by your doctor every day. Most medications have to be continued for 4 weeks for complete elimination of the malaria parasite. Administering the drugs wrongly will only result in full blown malaria.
- Be on the safe side
If you experience any flu-like symptoms within 6 months inform any doctor treating you. Although an infection with malaria usually causes symptoms within 1 or two weeks, it could take a lot longer (months) for the disease to break out. Even if you have done everything right, there always remains a small risk of getting malaria.
- Eat healthy
An apple a day keeps the doctor away and an orange juice diet that can last for a week to 10 days is a sure way to avoid falling sick. Everyday, fresh fruits should make up a major portion of a persons diet. A salad can be served with ripe papayas, oranges, apples, pineapples, grapefruit, grapes and mangoes. Try a fruit diet which could last for 3 days.
This balanced and healthy diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and nuts (in moderation) is a great way to prevent malaria.