State Of World Population Report :UNFPA Calls For Action To End Inequality
The United Nations Population Fund,UNFPA State of World Population report has been launched today with a call for action to tackle Economic inequality , inequalities in sexual and reproductive health.
The report focuses on Reproductive health and rights in the age of inequality”. Gaps in wealth which have grown wide within most countries, while world is ever further away from the vision of equality embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
“Economic inequality correlates with inequalities in sexual and reproductive health,within most developing countries, women in the poorest 20 per cent of the population have, for example, the least access to sexual and reproductive health services, including contraception, while women at the top of the wealth scale generally have access to a fuller range of high-quality services.”
According to the report ‘When health and rights are out of reach for a large share of a country’s population, everyone is harmed in some way.”
“A poor woman who cannot access family planning, for example, may have more children than she desires. As a result, she may be unable to join the paid labour force and contribute to her country’s economic growth and development.”
The report says “Reducing all inequalities needs to be the aim. Starting points may vary, but should be grounded in the notion that meaningful progress in one dimension can unleash multiple gains. In that respect, some of the most powerful contributions can come from realizing gender equality and women’s reproductive rights”
“Inequality blocks the path to the world we want. It allows development to benefit some but not others, marginalizes some groups and individuals, and distorts political, social and economic relations. Inequalities lead to social and geographic clustering of privilege and deprivation. This results in less social contact between these groups through school, work or housing, and diminished understanding, contributing to extremes in political discourse.'”
“The unmet demand for family planning in developing countries is generally greatest among women at the bottom of the wealth scale. Without access to contraception, poor women, particularly those who are less educated and live in rural areas, are at heightened risk of unintended pregnancy. This results in greater health risks and lifelong economic repercussions for herself and her children”notes the report.
“Today we launch the State of the World Population Report internationally. In an age of #inequality, reproductive health & rights matter now more than ever.”UNFPA Executive Director ,Dr. Natalia Kanem.
Speaking to newsmen in Abuja,Nigeria at a pre-launch briefing ,UNFPA Executive Director ,Dr. Natalia Kanem noted that education and gender equality, would ensure that that no women die while giving birth.
.“We want to work hand in hand with government to make sure that we equip the health post and hospitals appropriately for the life-saving mission.“This will enable us celebrate when we have the happy occasion of a child being born,’’
She however noted that as a practical matter to end death in child birth by 2030, girls as young as 10 and 11 needs information to make informed choice.
On her part,, the UNFPA Country Representative , Nigeria ,Ms Diene Keita, said no fewer than 20 million women in Nigeria had no access to safe and effective Family Planning (FP) services.
According to her most of these women that had no access to modern FP method reside in rural areas and region of insurgency in the country.