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How UNICEF’s Water, Hygiene, Sanitation Project Helps Improve Health – And Romance

20 February 2017 Health National News News


Twenty-three year-old mother of three  Nafisatu Yunusa  lives in Marafa, a village of just over 600 people in Bauchi State, northern Nigeria,  where the dry winter season can be hard. Red dust clouds the sky, vegetation turns brown, and there’s no rain for months.

Twenty-three year-old mother of three Nafisatu YunusaLike other rural communities in the region, for a long time, many people in the village of Marafa did not have access to running water or toilets. Without them, open defecation was the norm.

Most households had lost at least one family member to preventable diseases such as cholera and typhoid.

Fields and villages were contaminated with feces which was not only unsightly and malodorous, but was also extremely unsanitary.

Nafisatu who is excited about change,said   “Back then, our children were always suffering from diarrhea, typhoid fever, cholera,”. “It was the biggest challenge we had, it was everywhere.”

But the establishment of a Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Committee, or WASHCOM, in her village, has transformed Nafisatu’s life.

The WASHCOMS have been set up in communities in the area under  UNICEF’s SHAWN (Sanitation Hygiene and Water in Nigeria) programme, which is funded by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).

Nafisatu works as a treasurer for the WASHCOM and is one of the nine Mafara WASHCOM members who have been trained to teach healthy sanitation practices to others in the community.

A woman washes her hands with a “Tippy-Tap” in Marafa Community in the Zumbul Ward in Bauchi state in Nigeria on February 7, 2016. With the efforts of the WASHCOM program Marafa Community has been certified as a Open Deification Free community with all households having access to latrines and hand washing facilities close to their latrines, hygiene promotion sessions have also empowered women and strengthen family ties through safe menstrual hygiene management practises.

“Now when a child goes to use the toilet he or she comes and washes hands – with soap, if it is available, or ash,” she says, “and that has contributed a lot to stopping the spread of diseases.”

As  a result, Marafa has become one of 351 communities that are now certified as “open defecation free” in the Local Government Area of Dass, in Bauchi state.

Every household in the community has a latrine and nearby hand washing facilities.

And the SHAWN programme has rewarded the community with a borehole and hand pump, so that water is now easier to access, even in the dry season.

Clean water being collected form a “Hand Pump Bore Hole” in Marafa Community in the Zumbul Ward in Bauchi state in Nigeria

The improved sanitation and easy access to water, says Nafisatu, has not only saved lives, but it also helped ease a common strain on marriages in Marafa.

Among the good hygiene practices they have been trained to teach, WASHCOM hygiene promotion team members have shared their knowledge with women community members about menstrual hygiene management.

Nafisatu recalls that women in the village used to stuff dirty menstrual padding under their beds, which often made the bedrooms smell unpleasant.

Their husbands, recounts Nafisatu, would burn spirals of mosquito coils, hoping the acrid smoke would cover the smell. But sometimes, even that wasn’t enough, and Nafisatu said that several husbands even refused to sleep with their wives.

Now that there is water in the village, and with women having learned about better menstrual hygiene practices, that problem has vanished. “The change has been so overwhelming,” says Nafisatu with a smile, “relationships are much improved!”

The SHAWN project presents Nigeria an enormous opportunity towards realizing Nigeria’s goal of an Open Defecation Free Nigeria by 2025 as declared by the Minister of Water Resources in 2014.

Five other states in Nigeria – Katsina,  Benue, Jigawa, Kaduna and Zamfara have embarked on “Sanitation, Hygiene and Water in Nigeria (SHAWN)” project –  aimed at getting about 28,000 communities in Nigeria Open Defecation free by end of 2018.


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